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20 years after the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, the Israeli Prime Minister, on November 4, 1995, Israel has to cope better its own extremism

Now, on the 20th anniversary of Rabin’s assassination, the dream for which he lost his life seems less attainable than ever: Depressed by the present wave of violence and dwindling odds of a two-state solution, veteran analysts and interlocutors on all sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict are debating whether the course of history would have been different, and a just peace more possible, if Rabin had lived.

Yitzhak Rabin: Prime minister of Israel, Sept 13 1993

“We, the soldiers who have returned from battle stained with blood; we who have seen our relatives and friends killed before our eyes; we who have attended their funerals and cannot look into the eyes of their parents; we who have come from a land where parents bury their children… We say to you today, in a loud and a clear voice: enough of blood and tears. Enough.”

In 1993, The Oslo Accord negotiations had been concluded, and a declaration of intent to end hostilities had been signed :both with Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian leader, had just made history by shaking hands, to thunderous applause.

Two years later, Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist opposed to territorial compromise.

It was 20 years ago , when Yigal Amir , an Ultra-Orthodox Jewish, kills three times in the back Labour Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin while he leaves a peaceful rally , after having launched a final appeal for peace . The murderer , a student of 25 years old was sentenced to life imprisonment . This murder puts an end to the hope that one day we might see the end of the Israeli- Palestinian conflict? 
This hope born  from the Oslo agreements signed  the September 13, 1993 and for which Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994.

In 2000, a bloody Intifada erupted across the region, claiming the lives of about 1,000 Israelis and 3,300 Palestinians. Israeli politics came to be dominated by parties from the political Right and the settlements on the West Bank continued to be expanded.

Today, peace negotiations are making headlines again. But this time there are about 130 settlements on the West Bank and 99 unauthorised outposts. In June, settlement construction hit a seven-year high, and building continues even as peace talks take place.

Beginning of September, CNN reported that  “price tag attacks” is a  part of a series of attacks on Palestinians and Christians, often in response to what Jewish extremists view as events that go against Jewish settlers in the West Bank.

They are called “price tag” attacks, because the attackers spray paint the words “price tag” or “revenge” in Hebrew at the site of the attack. As the Israeli government has not defined “price tag” attacks as terror, it did crack down on Jewish extremists, many of whom are from West Bank settlements, after firebombings or when a  Palestinian toddler was burnt alive this summer. 

A man stands in front of a huge portrait of late Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, ahead of a memorial rally marking the 20th anniversary of Rabin's assassination in the Israeli city of Tel Aviv, on October 29, 2015. Rabin, who led the way in the effort towards peace between Israelis and Palestinians, was assassinated on November 4, 1995 during a peace rally in Tel Aviv by a Jewish rightwing extremist.

Français: Il y a tout juste 20 ans, le 4 novembre 1995, le Premier ministre israélien Yitzhak Rabin était assassiné lors d’une manifestation pour la paix à Tel Aviv. Retour sur la vie de celui qui partagea en 1994 le Nobel de la paix avec Yasser Arafat. Ici,en haut, un grand portrait de l’homme d’Etat s’affiche ce 29 octobre à Tel Aviv pour marquer la commémoration de sa mort.

«Assez de sang et de larmes. Assez. Nous n’avons aucune haine envers vous, nous ne souhaitons pas nous venger. Nous souhaitons, comme vous, être un peuple capable de construire une maison, de planter un arbre, d’aimer et de vivre près de vous dans la dignité et le soutien mutuel, comme des hommes, comme un peuple libre.»

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