Tag Archives: histoire

Searching for the Queen of Sheba – Yemen (Reine de Saba)


Thought by many to be the historic home of the Queen of Sheba, Yemen is one of the great jewels of human antiquity, with a legacy of magnificent temples, water-management projects and towering cities dating back thousands of years. This cultural wealth is not limited to ancient sites: Three of Yemen’s cities are on the Unesco World Heritage list for their breathtaking vernacular architecture.

Yemen is central to the story of mankind: Sixty thousand years ago, early man walked through Yemen along the Bab al-Mandab, one of the major out-of-Africa routes that Homo sapiens took to colonize Eurasia. Archaeologists  have found the remnants of prehistoric cultures that navigated the Red and Arabian Seas 8,000 years ago; these early travelers and traders left behind impressive megaliths.

queen of sheba visit to solomon
The visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon Source: Public Domain

Français:

 La reine de Saba était la souveraine d’une ville située quelque part en Ethiopie ou au Yemen, Selon les sources, elle apparait comme une très belle reine douée d’une grande sagesse ou bien comme une attirante magicienne.

Le Yémen, pensé par beaucoup d’ être la maison historique de la reine de Saba,  est un des grands bijoux d’antiquité humaine, avec un héritage de temples magnifiques, des projets de gestion de l’eau et des villes imposantes remontant aux milliers d’années. Cette richesse  culturelle n’est pas limitée aux sites antiques : Trois des villes du Yémen sont dans la liste de patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco pour leur architecture vernaculaire à couper le souffle.

On estime qu’il y a soixante mille ans, le premier homme a marché au Yémen le long de Bab Al-Mandab, un des parcours  de-Afrique majeurs auxquels l’Homo sapiens a emprunté pour  coloniser l’Eurasie.

  • Photos/Pictures of Unesco Sites in Yemen:

Old walled city of Shibam/L’ancienne ville de Shibam et son mur d’enceinte-//Crédit: @Flickr

old walled city of shibam
https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2180/2205171833_7ac8260335_b.jpg
  • Sana’a

 

  • Zabid

 

Pmd town of zabid
@Flickr

A beautiful italian map of Palestine drawn in 1570// Une carte de Palestine faite en 1570.


Palestine 1570 map carte

  • Abraham Ortelius after Tilleman Stella. “Palestinae sive totius Terrae Promissionis, Nova Descriptio.” From Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Antwerp: Aegidius Coppen Diesth, 1570-1575.

This map is of particular significance because it was the first map of the Holy Land published by Ortelius. Done in original color, this map has many important decorative and geographic features.

In the upper cartouche, Ortelius pays tribute to the promised land with all its goodness and holiness by quoting one of the most famous passages relating to the Holy Land. The map relays both biblical and modern geography and sets a precedent for maps of Holy Land for the next three centuries. Included in this map is the path taken by the Israelites from Ramses (Egypt) past Mount Sinai to Jericho. Biblical sites are depicted by churches, interestingly Jerusalem is not given great prominence in the map. The Holy Land is divided into the lands of the twelve tribes, Judeae and Samaria.

Along with their historic significance, Ortelius’ maps are noted for their delightful design and unusual Dutch coloring. They are decorative pieces in the finest Renaissance tradition, with elegant lettering, elaborate mannerist cartouches, sailing ships, and other charming features.

Credit: @Pinterest via Noor Abu